On today's show, Adrian travels to Dallas, Texas and visits Greg Johnson, the Founder of Night of Superstars. Sonia Falcone, a retired speech therapist with a passion for children joins Adrian and Ethan in the studio. Teaching children diagnosed with primary & secondary speech development delays has been a love of hers for many years.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), there are nearly 100 million children around the world who live with disabilities. But in reality, the number could go up to 150 million children because many times the government just does not count children with disabilities not only because they are hidden at home but because they do not really count in society.
Children with disabilities are among the most deprived and marginalized children in the world. They are the least likely to go to school, and are most vulnerable to neglect and abuse. They are targets of discrimination, exclusion and stigmatization. Girls, especially, are frequently malnourished, and are subject to forced sterilization. Worst of all, children with disabilities are too often invisible— ignored by governments and communities.
Children with disabilities are less likely to start school and if they do, they are unlikely to transition to secondary school. Access to school for children with disabilities is often limited by a lack of understanding about their needs, lack of teacher training, poor school environment, classroom support and learning resources and facilities.
In 2014–15, the number of children and youth ages 3–21 receiving special education services was 6.6 million, or 13 percent of all public school students. Among children and youth receiving special education services, 35 percent had specific learning disabilities.
Recent estimates in the United States show that about one in six, or about 15%, of children aged 3 through 17 years have one or more developmental disabilities. Developmental disabilities are a group of conditions due to an impairment in physical, learning, language, or behavior areas. These conditions begin during the developmental period, may impact day-to-day functioning, and usually last throughout a person’s lifetime.
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act states that all children with disabilities should be educated with non-disabled children their own age and have access to the general education curriculum. Strong progress has been made to integrate students with disabilities into general-education classrooms. Educator instruction hasn’t kept up.
The need for teachers who have both the knowledge and the ability to teach special-education students is more critical today than ever before. A national push to take students with disabilities out of isolation means most now spend the majority of their days in general-education classrooms, rather than in separate special-education classes. That means general-education teachers are teaching more students with disabilities. But training programs are doing little to prepare teachers.
Many teacher-education programs offer just one class about students with disabilities to their general-education teachers. It’s not enough to equip teachers for a roomful of children who can range from the gifted to students who read far below grade level due to a learning disability.
While in Dallas recently, Adrian had the opportunity to talk with Greg Johnson, the Founder of Night of Superstars.
Their mission is to honor their Superstars for their unbelievable accomplishments despite their challenges and encourage them to continue down their path of success.
When Arifa Nasim was 14, reading Jasvinder Sanghera’s book, “Daughters of Shame,” had a profound impact on her. The collection of stories from those who suffered through forced marriages and honor-based violence motivated her to become a voice and an advocate for the victims of such abuse. After years of campaigning, fundraising and raising awareness about the prevention of honor-based abuse, she was selected as an official UK delegate to the Sustainable Development Goals Summit. It was there that Arifa realized educational movements at the grassroots level were the source for change on a larger scale.
She founded Educate2Eradicate, a non-profit organization committed to spreading knowledge to prevent the hundreds of thousands of individuals at risk from experiencing forced marriage, genital mutilation and honor-based abuse. Educate2Eradicate provides information and resources online, leads training for youth and educators, and organizes events to increase understanding on the dangers of honor-abuse and how to prevent and fight against violent practices.
To date, Arifa has educated more than 5,000 individuals and plans to grow Educate2Eradicate into a holistic program, training larger organizations and offering counseling and legal advice to victims. @educate2eradicate